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Installing using an RPM file September 23, 2005

Posted by Carthik in administration, applications, ubuntu.

If you have an rpm file for a package you wish to install, and if you cannot find a .deb debian package in any of the Ubuntu repositories or elsewhere, you can use the alien package converter application to install the .rpm file.

Alien is a program that converts between the rpm, dpkg, stampede slp, and slackware tgz file formats. If you want to use a package from another distribution than the one you have installed on your system, you can use alien to convert it to your preferred package format and install it.

Despite the large version number, alien is still (and will probably always be) rather experimental software. It has been used by many people for many years, but there are still many bugs and limitations.

Alien should not be used to replace important system packages, like sysvinit, shared libraries, or other things that are essential for the functioning of your system. Many of these packages are set up differently by Debian and Red Hat, and packages from the different distributions cannot be used interchangably. In general, if you can’t uninstall the package without breaking your system, don’t try to replace it with an alien version.

Instructions for Installing RPM Files Using Alien

Installing Alien

You can install alien itself from the Ubuntu Universe repository by adding the repository to your list of sources and doing:

$sudo apt-get update
$sudo apt-get install alien

Installing the .rpm file

To install the .rpm file, you first need to convert it to a .deb file which can be installed on Ubuntu.
I assume that you downloaded the package to your Desktop (~/Desktop is the directory)
You can convert the .rpm to a .deb by using the following commands.
$cd ~/Desktop
-This will change the directory to your desktop, where you have the .rpm file.

$sudo alien -k name-of-rpm-file.rpm
– This will convert the .rpm to a .deb.
– The “-k” will keep the version number. Otherwise alien adds a “1” to the version number.
– Tip: Use Smart Tab Completion to avoid mistyping the file names :)

$sudo dpkg -i name-of-deb-file.deb
– This will install the .deb package

Try reading the alien manpage for more details on how to convert other kinds of packages and the options available.


1. Ralph - September 23, 2005

I’m using sudo alien -d!
-d is for debian

what exactely is the difference when you use -k (keep version)?

2. ubuntonista - September 23, 2005

“d” is the default option, so not mentioning it will not change anything. In other words
“sudo alien” and “sudo alien -d” are equivalent if there are no other options specified.

The “-k” keeps alien from changing the version number. For some reason, alien adds 1 to the minor version number. the -k option prevents this, and so you can know preserve the version number from the rpm to the .deb

3. Ralph - September 24, 2005

cool thanks for that!

4. Sidney Costa - November 10, 2005

Very good !!!
It’s work :)

5. Sicki - November 20, 2005

thanx that helped a lot :)

6. Alexandro Ramos - December 17, 2005

thanks, its work

7. Redmond's Weblog - January 24, 2006
8. Redmond's Weblog - January 24, 2006

Using rpm files on Ubuntu

Ubuntu Blog � Installing using an RPM file…

9. Dennis Leslie - February 16, 2006

I followed your 2 commands listed above (“sudo apt-get install alien” and “sudo alien -k rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm”), but I get the message: “File “rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm” not found.”

I am a beginner.

10. ubuntonista - February 16, 2006

Dennis, what that means is that the rpm file you are trying to use is not in the same directory as the one in which you are at when you execute the command.

In a terminal, use the command “cd” to change to the directory where the downloaded .rpm file is. Then try the command again. It will work.

the command “pwd” will tell you what directory you are in at any time.

11. Dennis Leslie - February 17, 2006

I have the file “rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm” on my Desktop (hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$).

While in this same directory, I tried the 2 commands. The first command “sudo apt-get install alien” responded with several lines of information as follows:

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree… Done
alien is already the newest version.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
W: Couldn’t stat source package list http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy/main Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_breezy_main_binary-i386_Packages) – stat (2 No such file or directory)
W: Couldn’t stat source package list http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy/restricted Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_breezy_restricted_binary-i386_Packages) – stat (2 No such file or directory)
W: Couldn’t stat source package list http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates/main Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_breezy-updates_main_binary-i386_Packages) – stat (2 No such file or directory)
W: Couldn’t stat source package list http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates/restricted Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_breezy-updates_restricted_binary-i386_Packages) – stat (2 No such file or directory)W: Couldn’t stat source package list http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security/main Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_breezy-security_main_binary-i386_Packages) – stat (2 No such file or directory)
W: Couldn’t stat source package list http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security/restricted Packages (/var/lib/apt/lists/security.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_breezy-security_restricted_binary-i386_Packages) – stat (2 No such file or directory)
W: You may want to run apt-get update to correct these problems

Then I entered the following command while still on the Desktop:

sudo alien -k rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm

and the following was returned:

File “rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm” not found.

Please help…


12. ubuntonista - February 17, 2006

Dennis, the error message “Couldn’t stat source package…” means that you don’t have the latest list of packages on your computer. Like the “W: You may want to run apt-get update to correct these problems” line says, do a:
$sudo apt-get update

to update the list of packages on your computer first.

There is no harm in updating the list of packages. I do it often, sometimes everytime before I use apt-get to install or remove stuff.

13. Dennis Leslie - February 18, 2006

I did the update as you suggested. Here are the results:

hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ sudo apt-get update
Get:1 http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security Release.gpg [189B]
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy Release.gpg [189B]
Get:3 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates Release.gpg [189B]
Get:4 http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security Release [23.3kB]
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy Release
Get:5 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates Release [30.9kB]
Get:6 http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security/main Packages [36.1kB]
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy/main Packages
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy/restricted Packages
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy/main Sources
Hit http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy/restricted Sources
Get:7 http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security/restricted Packages [4458B]
Get:8 http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security/main Sources [11.3kB]
Get:9 http://security.ubuntu.com breezy-security/restricted Sources [960B]
Get:10 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates/main Packages [31.3kB]
Get:11 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates/restricted Packages [14B]
Get:12 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates/main Sources [15.8kB]
Get:13 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com breezy-updates/restricted Sources [14B]
Fetched 155kB in 4s (37.9kB/s)
Reading package lists… Done
hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ sudo apt-get install alien
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree… Done
alien is already the newest version.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 9 not upgraded.

I then used the following to try the installation:

hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ sudo alien -k rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm
File “rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm” not found.

Here is what is on my Desktop:

hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ ls
curly-007eba5f65.desktop hammer-00e8aa9211.desktop
gegl-0053ace2ba.desktop rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1_rpm

Thank you for your efforts. Maybe I have not used (or misused) some spacing or other fault.


14. Dennis Leslie - February 18, 2006


I had the rpm file as “xxxx_rpm” instead of “xxxx.rpm”. mea culpa!

There are internet dummies and then there are the likes of me.

It converted the rpm file into a “.deb” pkg. Now, what would I do?

Thanks for your patience..


15. Dennis Leslie - February 18, 2006

In trying to do this myself, I tried the following:

hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ ls curly-007eba5f65.desktop realplayer_8.0-1_i386.deb
gegl-0053ace2ba.desktop rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs1.rpm

“The above was found on Desktop.”

“I then tried the following:”

hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ sudo apt-get install rp8_linux20_libc6_i386.deb
Password: (I entered my password)

Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree… Done
E: Couldn’t find package rp8_linux20_libc6_i386.deb

I then realized that the apt-get install changed the name from “rp8_linux20_libc6_i386.rpm” to “realplayer_8.0-1_i386.deb”

“so then I redid the command”

hcs@ubuntu:~/Desktop$ sudo apt-get install realplayer_8.0-1_i386.deb
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree… Done
E: Couldn’t find package realplayer_8.0-1_i386.deb

Now, I am still unable to install.

Again, thank you for your help


16. ubuntonista - February 18, 2006


You will need to do a
$sudo dpkg -i realplayer_8.0-1_i386.deb

Also, to avoid mishaps with lond filenames being misspelt, use tab completion in the future.

In this case, type
$sudo dpkg -i real :)

17. Steve Ng - February 20, 2006

Hi folks,

sorry, but i am getting pretty frustrated with Linux here, hoping you guys can help me out….

mingyeow@u0201218:~/Desktop$ sudo dpkg -i install adobereader-enu_7.0.5-1_i386.deb
dpkg: error processing install (–install):
cannot access archive: No such file or directory
(Reading database … 60679 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to replace adobereader-enu 7.0.5-1 (using adobereader-enu_7.0.5-1_i386.deb) …
Unpacking replacement adobereader-enu …
Setting up adobereader-enu (7.0.5-1) …

Errors were encountered while processing:

I have generated a deb file already, but what is wrong such that i cannot install?

18. Dennis - February 20, 2006


I gutted out the system, reinstalled ubuntu including the updates. I then followed instructions. I think that realplayer is installed. However, where do I find realplayer to assign it to the .ram files?

Thanks again,

Dennis Leslie

19. Dennis - February 28, 2006

Repeating my question above to Anyone:

I gutted out the system, reinstalled ubuntu including the updates. I then followed instructions. I think that realplayer is installed. However, where do I find realplayer to assign it to the .ram files?

Thanks again,

Dennis Leslie
p.s. I haven’t touched my machine in over a week waiting for some answer. Thanks.

20. ubuntonista - February 28, 2006


Please do not use this as a support forum, since I cannot actively encourage people to ask questions here. That said, it pains me to know that I could have helped, and haven’t. I don’t read all the comments that are posted in detail, and I assumed your above comment was just a note of thanks or something similar. I am sorry for the week spent waiting.

To find out where some software was installed, I use “dpkg -L”

So, in your example, since you know the name of the package you installed, use:
$sudo dpkg -L package-name

This will list all the files that were installed and their paths for the package with name package-name.

You can also use “whereis” and “locate”, which are two very useful commands.

$whereis java

If you don’t remember the name of the package you used, use the apt-cache search command to find out, hopefully it will list the package name, when you say:
$apt-cache search realpl

Good luck!

21. Paul O'Shannessy - March 8, 2006

Very helpful, thanks! Now if only there was a standard installation for all distros which doesn’t involve downloading source and having to
$make install

22. Matt Welke - April 12, 2006

I’ve unzipped the files now out of the .deb file but I don’t understand how to install the program from there! I’m running Ubuntu 5.10 and I’m trying to install Frostwire Linux.

I’d appreciate it if someone could send me some support to my email!

23. la tercera ola » Inkscape en Ubuntu Breezy - May 8, 2006

[…] Aparentemente no pareca algo difcil de arreglar, pero no hubo manera de lograr instalar el Inkscape. Tampoco consegu hacer funcionar la versin que viene para Debian en la web de descargas de Inskcape, y al final recurr a un truco muy til y que muchas veces soluciona este tipo de problemas: el alien. […]

24. Korry - June 29, 2006

I get: sudo: alien: command not found. I receive this message after all updates run with sudo apt-get updates. rpm package is placed on my desktop

25. DanK - August 4, 2006

I have downloaded all of the files including alien, debhelper, dpkg-dev, dpkg-dev, dpkg, gcc, and make that it says to do on the alien webpage. When I am in terminal and am running the command sudo apt-get install in the directory where the downloaded files are located, I get the response:
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree… Done
0 Upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 no upgraded
I don’t know how to add the repository to my list of sources, or what a repository is for that matter. My Linux Bible I just bought off Amazon is scheduled to arrive on Monday. Until then, can you help me resolve this problem? Also, I’m running on Xubuntu I might add…

26. DanK - August 4, 2006

Also, I forgot to say that when I double click on the Alien .deb I downloaded from the Debian website (in the directory they are located), package installer tells me “Error: Dependency is not satisfiable: debhelper.” When I click on debhelper.deb, the error is “Error: Dependency is not satisfiable: dpkg-dev.” and so on…

27. ubuntonista - August 4, 2006


You don’t need to download anything from the Debian website. Specially made packages for Ubuntu are already available in the Ubuntu repos. All you have to do is
$sudo apt-get install alien

Make sure you have the universe and multiverse repositories added to your setup.

Why complicate simple things? :)

28. DanK - August 4, 2006

well, when I try to change the universe and multiverse repositories, I can’t because I don’t have an internet connection on my linux system.

29. ubuntonista - August 5, 2006

DanK, Please look at http://ubuntu.wordpress.com/2006/07/08/installing-packages-on-computers-with-slow-connections-redux/

It might be beyond me to support users through comments on this blog. Please understand that the forums, and the irc help room are probably your best bet for support.

30. Swoy DeRossi - August 14, 2006

This is simple.
To Install alien on ubuntu dapper drake:

//sudo aptitude install alien// (without //) then press enter.
Enter your password.

To use:
go to the folder with the .rpm (do this in terminal)
and write: alien -k file.rpm
if on desktop i.e home/username/Desktop/file.rpm
alien -k /home/username/Desktop/file.rpm

Remember to change /username to your’s

31. Steve Graham - September 12, 2006

I have a Mepis system (pre-Ubuntu based) in which Open Office had ceased to work. Tried synaptic to upgrade without success. Downloaded the newest version from openoffice.org but it was in RPM’s. Then I googled and found this site, which explained alien and dpkg. Now I have a new updated Open Office that works. Thanks so much to you all!

Steve Graham

32. Data Access Notes » installing FirstClass 8 Client on Ubuntu - October 14, 2006

[…] To install a redhat .rpm on Ubuntu, use alien like so .. assuming the FirstClass client .rpm is on your computer’s desktop… sudo aptitude update sudo aptitude install alien cd ~/Desktop sudo alien -i *.rpm […]

33. Words » Blog Archive » links for 2006-10-22 - October 22, 2006

[…] Installing using an RPM file « Ubuntu Blog (tags: ubuntu linux rpm howto install alien deb) […]

34. bsides - October 26, 2006

Thanks guy, your article comes first in google… I was looking for “rpm ubuntu”. Even the official pages goes after!!!

This article really kick ass. Congratulations!

Best regards.

35. Miea - November 21, 2006

Im having the same problem. I have the rpm file on my desktop however apparently when Im using alien it saying “file not found” Am I suppose to change the directory to desktop? If so How?

36. Linux-box - November 22, 2006


Try simply:
cd /home/your_username/Desktop

37. adnan khurram - December 1, 2006

I tried to intall alien with the following command,
$sudo apt-get install alien
but its asking me to put Ubuntu Cd in Drive which unfortunately i currently do not have so is there a work around to that.


38. Thehound - December 12, 2006

Very helpful info thanks! I was just browsing around on my Windows box as Kubuntu does a nice fresh install. Yes people, I know the different distro install protocols and packages can be a pain at first, but to standardise it would be to create a bloat OS like Windows because all distros would need to support everything!(well maybe not that bad, but you get the picture). btw you won’t get easier than Ubuntu/Kubuntu. Great OS for a desktop(though I use Red Hat on my servers).

39. Ian - December 29, 2006

That -k tip solved the installation problem I was having, thank you.

40. Brian - January 5, 2007


I’m having a little trouble using this one rpm, though it is my first time. When I type: ‘sudo alien -i kdelibs-3.3.1-1.i686.rpm.’

I get this error:

‘sh: rpm: not found
Error executing “LANG=C rpm -qp –queryformat %{SUMMARY} kdelibs-3.3.1-1.i686.rpm”: at /usr/local/share/perl/5.8.8/Alien/Package.pm line 481′

What can I do to resolve this?


41. IceDizzy - January 6, 2007

How to install tahoma.ttf (ms) without building a rpm using kunbutu?


Needed by Steam and Counterstrike

Not an expert in Linux but Kubutu works with me and with the wine support for i.e. Ventrilo (including alsa driver) no need to use Microsoft any more.

Any tip regarding the fonts?

42. Vaso - January 15, 2007

tnx,made my life easier :)

43. Sohbet - February 11, 2007

It really works …:)

44. florin - February 18, 2007

how do I uninstall a rpm that was installed using alien?


45. shirish - April 4, 2007

florin alien is for changing an .rpm to .deb . If u have installed a .deb using dpkg -i *.deb then u can do dpkg -r *.deb or dpkg -r –purge *.deb
That is all for now.

46. arasu - May 15, 2007

I cannot install realplayer 10 gold.rpm. then I tried other version converted by alien .deb file installed by GDebi package installer
Reinstall the package? I reinstalled the same version but it is not in the menu list what shall I do.
Thank you.

47. OpenOffice 2.2 for Edgy - Linux Forums - May 21, 2007

[…] Installing using an RPM file Ubuntu Blog […]

48. system-of-a-kornslip - June 30, 2007

Omg im so confused :S i need help FAST!!!… can some 1 please help me i got 2 computers one has windows xp the other 1 has ubuntu on it i have an internet connection on my xp but not on ubuntu because i need to install the software on it. i have the software on disk its a .rpm file but i can not install this file at all i tried everything can some 1 help me

49. pyan - July 5, 2007

I’m trying to install adobereader-enu:
pyan@pyan-laptop:~/Desktop$ sudo dpkg -i adobereader-enu_7.0.9-1_i386.deb
(Reading database … 156408 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking adobereader-enu (from adobereader-enu_7.0.9-1_i386.deb) …
dpkg: error processing adobereader-enu_7.0.9-1_i386.deb (–install):
trying to overwrite `/usr/share/pixmaps/AdobeReader.png’, which is also in package acroread
dpkg-deb: subprocess paste killed by signal (Broken pipe)
Errors were encountered while processing:
why i can not install this file?

50. Dark Star - July 12, 2007

Nice article.. Thanks ;)

51. TyphoidHippo - July 13, 2007

Works like a champ, thanks a lot!

52. what name? - July 23, 2007

i get:
Warning: Skipping conversion of scripts in package flash-plugin: postinst prerm
Warning: Use the –scripts parameter to include the scripts.

any thoughts??

53. Alexis - August 3, 2007

Hi, great post.. I get this error when trying to convert using -p switch, I get the errors when running –

$ sudo alien –scripts -p -k asm_linux_v5.01.16862.rpm


sh: pkgproto: command not found
sh: pkgmk: command not found
Can’t exec “pkgtrans”: No such file or directory at /usr/share/perl5/Alien/Package.pm line 429, line 847.
mv: cannot stat `StorMan-5.01/StorMan-5.01.pkg': No such file or directory
StorMan-5.01.pkg generated
find: StorMan-5.01: No such file or directory

I tried searching through all repositories for pkgproto & pkgmk & pkgtrans with no luck :(

Any ideas please

54. Cartman - August 3, 2007

Thanks for the info, tried and all went well. thanks again


55. cannot open .rpm file - Linux Forums - August 13, 2007

[…] Yeah ..you can always use the Alien converter ( alien) This might help you ! Installing using an RPM file Ubuntu Blog […]

56. GraGal - September 9, 2007

Im install alien. Thank you!
And now im try convert rpm to deb
But alien make directory, not deb file
this directory contains etc and usr folders
This thing i can get by simply extracting rpm file.

What i can do with this?
How i install program?

I talk about VMware

57. Tsu Dho Nimh - September 12, 2007

Why, after all this time, can’t Debian-based distros handle RPM files correctly?

58. gansu - September 22, 2007

i installed realplayer using alien. Finally it says ‘setting up realplayer (versionxxxx)…’ but then i don’t get any executables . I think it didn’t get installed.

59. Kevin - October 9, 2007

Great thread. Thanks for the help

60. Vladimir Iachimovici - October 15, 2007

Cool. Now it works

61. troels - October 23, 2007

Thanks for the tip — I was pulling my hair out over installing a project from source, but they had an rpm, and alien did the trick.

62. The Merikan Family Blog Site » Blog Archive » Installing DbVisualizer on Ubuntu 7.10 - November 14, 2007

[…] and since I’m not a Linux blackbelt I had to do some googling. I found this blog and this and this that gave me a hint of what to do. I have to call the […]

63. flumride » Blog Archive » Installing Dbvisualizer on Ubuntu - November 14, 2007

[…] and since I’m not a Linux blackbelt I had to do some googling. I found this blog and this and this that gave me a hint of what to do. I have to call the […]

64. Mino - November 17, 2007

I wanted to install a program called “algae” ( algae.sourceforge.net ) but on its website only .rpm package and sourcefile are present. I used alien to produce the deb file for my ubuntu feisty fawn, the installation with pkg apparently successed but …
If I type in command line that “algae-4.3.6″ I receive this message:
“algae-4.3.6: error while loading shared libraries: libreadline.so.4: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory”

So my question is … “How can I install this missing library?” Why did dpkg success even if that library was missing?

Thanks, anyway!


65. RoGo - November 21, 2007

also about the missing –script parameter. What are the best commands for including scripts and what syntax to use.
Warning: Use the –scripts parameter to include the scripts.

66. Wael A.Sattar - January 1, 2008

1.I’m using the following version of ubuntu


2.After running :
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install alien

the following error displayed:

The following NEW packages will be installed:
alien debhelper dpkg-dev patch
0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0B/890kB of archives.
After unpacking 2499kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
Failed to fetch cdrom:[Ubuntu 7.10 _Gutsy Gibbon_ – Release amd64 (20071016)]/pool/main/p/patch/patch_2.5.9-4_amd64.deb Hash Sum mismatch
Failed to fetch cdrom:[Ubuntu 7.10 _Gutsy Gibbon_ – Release amd64 (20071016)]/pool/main/d/dpkg/dpkg-dev_1.14.5ubuntu16_all.deb Hash Sum mismatch
E: Unable to fetch some archives, maybe run apt-get update or try with –fix-missing?

3.What is wrong with the amd64 version dose alien not supported at this release ?

Thank you in advance

67. jdmurray - January 15, 2008

I just made a clean installed a Ubuntu 7.10 on a laptop and I am getting the same error as #67 when attempting to install alien. The dpkg-dev_1.14.5ubuntu16_all.deb file is on the CD at the specified path, but a hash mismatch on this file is occurring. apt-get is requesting the CD rather than downloading the patch from the Internet.

The fix is to disable installing updates from the CD-ROM and enabling the installation of updates from all Internet sources. This is done in the Preferences section of Add/Remove Applications. Afterwards, when installing alien, the patch is downloaded from the Internet and the installation is successful. I hope this helps someone.

68. weazl2000 - January 15, 2008

You helped me at least

69. matt - January 21, 2008

ive done the steps you said in the beginning but i get this error and log file when i run the alien -k

Package build failed. Here’s the log:
dh_clean -k -d
find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -not -name debian -print0 | \
xargs -0 -r -i cp -a {} debian/synergy
dpkg-shlibdeps: failure: ldd on `debian/synergy/usr/bin/synergyc’ gave error exit status 1
dh_shlibdeps: command returned error code 256
make: [binary-arch] Error 1 (ignored)
sh: gcc: command not found
dpkg-architecture: warning: Couldn’t determine gcc system type, falling back to default (native compilation)
dpkg-gencontrol: error: current build architecture powerpc does not appear in package’s list (i386)
dh_gencontrol: command returned error code 65280
make: *** [binary-arch] Error 1
find: synergy-1.3.1: No such file or directory

all it does after that is create a folder on the desktop. any ideas?

70. gaurish - February 18, 2008

I installed Ubuntu Linux7.10.
When I operatedd, at that time Current
get cutoffs.So shortcuts from adminstrator,applicaton ,places
are not appearing.
so plz

71. Malveeka - February 19, 2008

i guess i have installed some hostile applet..
Everytime i open my mail box i get weird dialogue box that says

http://bitsmail01/mail/f2005107.nsf/SwitcherForm_Mail?OpenPage wants to load an applet.
GNU Classpath’s security implementation is not complete.

I have to choose between cancel, trust applet and trust applet and include in whitelist..
This shows up evry time i click on any obeject in the mail box..

Please tell me how to get rid of this and uninstall this plug-in..

72. Linda Octa » Blog Archive » From .rpm to .deb and install the package in Linux/Ubuntu - April 4, 2008

[…] Installing using an RPM file Leave a Comment […]

73. Fibo - May 1, 2008

I just installed an Adobe Reader on my Kubuntu (Hardy Heron) using the alien-conversion from rpm to deb format. Still, one problem: I know where the files are installed, but how do I get the Adobe Reader to appear in my program lists? The acroread file has been put in the /usr/bin/ directory but, first of all, it’s empty, and second, it’s not an executable file. What to do?

74. Newbie Blog » Blog Archive » Ubuntu : Installing an RPM file - June 8, 2008

[…] Just read this […]

75. Nice Noob - June 24, 2008

It would have been nice if someone would have been kind enough to post some information about how to use the –script paramater correctly, since at least 5 seperate people asked about it. I’ll look it up myself and post it, cause im a nice guy:)

76. ligtv izle - October 21, 2008


77. tiggsy - October 22, 2008

i got a message about it not doing the scripts, so i did it again, with the –scripts option. after that, it wouldn’t run the deb in the terminal for some reason, but i just double clicked it on the desktop, and that worked.

78. Mocha Fudge - October 23, 2008

nice one here.. if i have a RPM file to install in my Debian box like UBUNTU.. I convert it first to DEB extension and poof it’s working now.. thanks for the Alien command…

79. 50+ Resources For Your Linux Setup/Desktop/Machine/Brain » Linux, open source and me at Internetling dot com - October 28, 2008

[…] Installing RPM packages on Ubuntu […]

80. azalea says » Ubuntu添加局域网打印机 - October 28, 2008

[…] 我想连接的打印机是Dell Laser Printer 1710n,选择好model后发现找不到对应的驱动。于是到dell网站去找,也只有.rpm格式的驱动。 虽然看到一篇介绍把.rpm转成.deb方法的文章,但是我很懒。。 […]

81. Don’t cross the river for water: XMMS .deb for Intrepid « colonos - November 2, 2008

[…] any) or you can experiment with some of the xmms_wma.rpm binaries that are easy to google and then use alien to convert it. In the past this has made XMMS crash for me, another and much better way to solve the wma shite […]

82. links for 2008-11-04 | Sammy dot HK - November 4, 2008

[…] Installing using an RPM file « Ubuntu Blog (tags: ubuntu rpm debian) […]

83. khurram - November 11, 2008

you have done a superb job. i was unable to solve my problem of installing crossover office but after reading this article i did it and i am feeling very happy thanks buddy

84. Jimiii - November 13, 2008

I get a simular error as Brian #40, what is causing this?

jimiii@London2:~/Desktop$ sudo alien -k clamtk-4.03-1.el5.noarch.rpm
[sudo] password for jimiii:
Error executing “LANG=C rpm -qp –queryformat %{NAME} clamtk-4.03-1.el5.noarch.rpm”: at /usr/share/perl5/Alien/Package.pm line 482.

85. The XMMS in GNU/Linux Manifesto v.0.1 « colonos - November 14, 2008

[…] better is to convert your files), but if you need it, then you have to compile it (or google for an .rpm and use alien to convert it): […]

86. uday - November 25, 2008

hi………….waste fellow

87. Using ‘alien’ to convert rpm packages to other formats : HARD-WiRE - December 5, 2008

[…] Installing using an RPM file […]

88. san drovioli - December 30, 2008

two days I’ve installed Hubuntu, to test maya and Houdini on it.

using Alien to convert the rpm
I’m getting the same error as #40 and #86

also in alien’s docs it says:

rpm For converting to and from rpm format the Red Hat Package Manager must be installed.

any suggestions?

89. san drovioli - December 30, 2008

this is the error:

sudo alien -k Maya64-docs_en_US-8.5-123.x86_64.rpm
Error executing “LANG=C rpm -qp –queryformat %{NAME} Maya64-docs_en_US-8.5-123.x86_64.rpm”: at /usr/share/perl5/Alien/Package.pm line 482.

90. san drovioli - December 30, 2008

Maybe the answer for #40 # 84 #88 is that the rpm files are not real rpm files:

sandro@dono:~/Desktop$ file Maya64-docs_en_US-8.5-123.x86_64.rpm
Maya64-docs_en_US-8.5-123.x86_64.rpm: data

91. md_EpuL - January 7, 2009

anyone know how to setup hipergate in UBUNTU ??
i’m new bie here..
; p

92. t-shirt - January 14, 2009

It’s very useful

93. Cromagnon - January 16, 2009

I have a question regarding the Icon, I installed RealPlayer11GOLD, but the Icon is nowhere to be found…

94. Apt/Synaptic Local Rpm | keyongtech - January 18, 2009

[…] Tensmeyer Install alien to convert RPMs to DEBs. Here’s an article outlining how it works … http://ubuntu.wordpress.com/2005/09/…g-an-rpm-file/ Cheers. — The world can’t afford the rich. Q: What OS is built for lusers? A: Which one […]

95. Nambi - March 3, 2009

Thanks for the great post, simple and clear instructions!

96. sam - March 24, 2009

i am struggling to get this correct, i followed all steps but while running ubuntu and entering the pine command (after having followed your recipe install~) i get this message

pine.real: error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.6

any chance to resolve my error massage ?

97. musc@> $daniele.rant | Out-Blog - May 30, 2009

[…] we need to CONVERT the RPM package to the DEB package format used by Ubuntu, by using the ALIEN package: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install alien sudo bash alien -k scx-1.0.4-248.rhel.5.x86.rpm […]

98. humtaro - June 26, 2009
99. Prefabrik - August 7, 2009

I believe the main reason why apple is locking its systems (both macosx and iphone) is software consistency and side effects.

The basic idea is that if you give away too much control over the core of your system, then you end-up with myriads of unsecure applications. If you need examples – see how windows looks like these days.

Instead, apple was always allowing only limited integration with its systems. Of course – you can still write some applications for mac, and communicate with the system core through provided API, but you don’t have possibility to really change the core itself. Thats why Apple used to be so much more stable than windows.

In case of iphone its the same case – they just don’t want every kid on the block to write sh*#ty apps, they want to have control over what people are writing and how secure it is – in order to be able to say: yes, its stable, we guarantee that.

There’s no evil in this, its just customer service. Just like when you go to the restaurant you want someone (chef) to have control over what all the cooks are cooking.

100. Miguel Guerrero - October 5, 2009

Esto no es intalar NO MAMES!!!!

101. bON - October 24, 2009

what about installing rpms with dependencies…??? can anyone help me??

102. george - January 20, 2010

I have used alien to convert a rpm to deb and installed with GBedi packager installer, I can see that the application has been installed as shown in Synpatic, however the application(sqlDESKTOP) is not listed in start menu,I have re-installed, but no change in apps menu, how can I start this program. OS ubuntu 9.10

103. Stealth - January 27, 2010

I am having the same problem as #56 with VMware Player. In addition, Alien complains that it only is compatible with 32 bit software not amdX64. Is there a X64bit version of Alien available. Or is there another alternative to Alien for 64 bit RPMs? Or maybe I should not be installing the 64 bit version of vmware player even though I have a amd X64 HP laptop. I am trying to install VMware-Player on Back Track 4.

104. Stealth - January 27, 2010

Although I am having the same problem as #56, I forgot to mention that alien did create a VMware Player file, but it does not have a .deb extension. Can I still execute the software with this file without the .deb extension? When I drill down into the files I found a VMware Player bundle file also.

leaflet printing - January 2, 2011

it is a big problem when this happens i have seen it many times.

105. Stealth - February 1, 2010

Ok, I just got back to this and what a “knuckle head” I was. I answered my own question in the post. All I did was delete the old x64 version of vmware player and download the 32 bit version…and Voila, I had a vmware installed and running in no time flat. Thanks anyway for all the other information in the posts, the venue allowed me to read other comments and talk it out in my head. Sometimes you just have to get away from it all and come back to it again.

106. jhonoo - February 11, 2010

I tried to convert “alarm-clock-1.3-1.fc12.i386.rpm” file but did not worked! Error message: dh_builddeb: dpkg-deb returned exit code 2. OS: Ubuntu Karmic Koala. So long!

107. Micha(e)l - April 6, 2010

i tried to convert *.rpm and it made this:

:~/Desktop$ sudo alien pl-5.8.3-376.i586.rpm
error: incorrect format: unknown tag
Unpacking of ‘pl-5.8.3-376.i586.rpm’ failed at /usr/share/perl5/Alien/Package/Rpm.pm line 155.

have you ever seen this? could you please give me some advice what to do? thanks a lot

cl3vrwayne - September 23, 2011

I have the same issue. Would be greatly appreciated if anyone can find a workaround for this.

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here is a very good answer how to build debian package, when you get error: dpkg-gencontrol returned exit code 255


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Subject Mfbd can not forget the experience, thank you

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thankss admin

111. Install Apps in Debian/Ubuntu, using RPM packages - May 8, 2010

[…] idea for this tutorial comes from EmbraceUbuntu.com var a2a_config = a2a_config || {}; a2a_config.linkname="Install Apps in Debian/Ubuntu, using RPM […]

112. Link installing RPM in ubuntu « Hary Mulyadi - June 30, 2010

[…] Link installing RPM in ubuntu Posted on July 1, 2010 by harymulyadi http://embraceubuntu.com/2005/09/23/installing-using-an-rpm-file/ […]

113. escort bayan - July 6, 2010

Hmm…I’m not sure if this works for me. It would appreat the script is executed when I shut down, not when I log in.

114. Ricardo Peters - July 15, 2010

It worked really well to me. Thank’s for the usefull tip!

115. Ubuntu Oracle Kurulumu ve İlk Ayarı | rayyildiz.com - August 1, 2010

[…] alien komutu kullanarak .rpm versiyonunu .deb uzantılı dosyaya cevirebilirsiniz. Detaylı bilgi buraya tıklayınız). Daha sonra ise kurulum işlemini grafiksel arayüz ortamında çift tıklayarak […]

116. panjur tamiri - August 10, 2010


117. seks izle - September 29, 2010

I’m using sudo alien -d!
-d is for debian

what exactely is the difference when you use -k (keep version)?

118. hakeem - September 29, 2010

hai every one,

i have tcl8.4 package default installed in my Linux system, i want to use tcl8.5, can any one tell me the steps for update to new version or how to remove old version and how to install new one. please help me out its urgent pls do it…

119. John Bartley K7AAY - October 11, 2010

alien -d -i extracts and then installs the app into Ubuntu. However, it doesn’t add the app into the Gnome menu. How do I do that?

120. pornoizle - October 28, 2010

Thank You, your hint worked perfectly for me..

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122. keçiören nakliyat - December 3, 2010

evden eve Thank you Admin !

123. yasmeen - December 5, 2010

hi all
please i need ur help
i installed the roofnet under click, i use ubuntu 9.1
when i perform this command (sh gen_config_roofnet.sh | click –) it generate this error
printf: 26: 0x: not completely converted
printf: 26: 0x: not completely converted
printf: 26: 0x: not completely converted
–: No such file or directory))
any body can help??
thanks in advance :):)

124. López, E. - December 7, 2010


I’m on my first week with Ubuntu, and this post REALLY helped me out installing MySQLServer.


printing - January 2, 2011

yes i agree with that issue keep working at it because it is possible.

125. Roxy - December 14, 2010

dude, i did everything as above. I got the message saying the package blah.deb is successfully created. BUt i cnt find the created package anywhere… help please

printing - January 2, 2011

I tried it all too and it worked ok guys

126. escort bayan istanbul - January 16, 2011

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127. Kukuh - January 18, 2011

not work in my pc,
chown: cannot access `jre-1.6.0_23//usr/java/jre1.6.0_23/lib/charsets.jar': No such file or directory
failed chowning /usr/java/jre1.6.0_23/lib/charsets.jar to 0:0: Illegal seek at /usr/share/perl5/Alien/Package/Rpm.pm line 265, line 38.

how do i get charsets.jar ?

128. faraz - February 23, 2011

Hi all,
I tried the prescribed procedure and created a .deb file. But the .deb file appears and then vanishes by itself, and so I can’t get to install it any further, any suggestions!

Here is the command history:

/Desktop$ sudo alien -k synaptics-touchpad-
Warning: Skipping conversion of scripts in package synaptics-touchpad: postinst postrm preinst prerm
Warning: Use the –scripts parameter to include the scripts.
synaptics-touchpad_15.1.4.0-13_i386.deb generated

The newly made .deb file vanishes by this time. So the following command is redundant..

/Desktop$ sudo dpkg -i synaptics-touchpad_15.1.4.0-13_i386.deb
dpkg: error processing synaptics-touchpad_15.1.4.0-13_i386.deb (–install):
cannot access archive: No such file or directory
Errors were encountered while processing:

JB - March 7, 2011

I have the exact same problem som if you find a solution please update it here.

129. web hosting - March 13, 2011

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130. SM - April 4, 2011

i am new to ubuntu i run ubuntu software center but it did not download any application i have a brodband connection it connect with speed of 10mbps
after some time i found that firefox did not open any page plz. help me
thank you

131. tOlorun - April 15, 2011

thanks … one thing foyo holy minds …

132. satish - April 21, 2011

I want to install Maya without wine, please help, thank you

133. Clayton Reed - May 11, 2011

Worked great. Thanks!

134. Patryk Strzelecki.info » Blog Archive » Instalacja Opery Mobile 11 na Ubuntu - May 27, 2011

[…] 2. Konwertujemy paczke rpm do deb (zmiana formatu z użyciem alien’a – instrukcja instalacji pakietu) […]

135. Lakdas - July 4, 2011

I Tried to install mySql server rpm but the below error occurs. Please help

lakdas@ubuntu:~$ ls
cust_detail_input Music SalesMonitor
Desktop MySQL-5.5.13-1.linux2.6.i386(0).tar.ug_ Templates
Documents MySQL-5.5.13-1.linux2.6.i386.tar.ug_ typescript
Downloads MySQL-server-5.5.13-1.linux2.6.i386.rpm Ubuntu One
examples.desktop Pictures Videos
lampas-0.008.tar.gz Public
lakdas@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install alien MySQL-server-5.5.13-1.linux2.6.i386.rpm
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
E: Unable to locate package MySQL-server-5.5.13-1.linux2.6.i386.rpm
E: Couldn’t find any package by regex ‘MySQL-server-5.5.13-1.linux2.6.i386.rpm’

136. ukrayna vizesi - July 30, 2011


137. vinz - August 29, 2011

sudo alien -k VMware-Player-2.5.0-118166.i386.rpm
error: incorrect format: unknown tag
Warning: Skipping conversion of scripts in package VMware-Player: postinst prerm
Warning: Use the –scripts parameter to include the scripts.
Package build failed. Here’s the log:
dh_clean -k -d
dh_clean: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_installdirs: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_installdocs: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_installchangelogs: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -not -name debian -print0 | \
xargs -0 -r -i cp -a {} debian/vmware-player
dh_compress: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_makeshlibs: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_installdeb: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_shlibdeps: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_gencontrol: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dpkg-gencontrol: warning: unknown substitution variable ${shlibs:Depends}
dh_md5sums: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dh_builddeb: Compatibility levels before 5 are deprecated.
dpkg-deb: control directory has bad permissions 700 (must be >=0755 and <=0775)
dpkg-deb: building package `vmware-player' in `../vmware-player_2.5.0-118166_i386.deb'.
dh_builddeb: dpkg-deb –build debian/vmware-player .. returned exit code 2
make: *** [binary-arch] Error 9
find: `VMware-Player-2.5.0': No such file or directory

can anyone help me ??

138. MARQUIS - October 31, 2011

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139. NeoPulsaGram - November 14, 2011

Thanks for your information

140. Jobs, Vacancies & Careers in the UK - December 21, 2011

Hi, just getting to grips with RPM’s and this blog has provided some useful information for me, many thanks

141. Instructions for Installing RPM Files Using Alien [zz] « Robert's World - February 14, 2012

[…] Repost from Ubuntu Blog. […]

142. ubuntu wine install - April 6, 2012

ubuntu wine install…

[…]Installing using an RPM file « Ubuntu Blog[…]…

143. Eytan Barouch - April 7, 2012

Can anyone help? I tried to install alien on ubuntu 11.10 and the package is not found. the rpm package is not available on 11.10 as well as many others. I wish to install a package that I can only find as an .rpm
Any suggestion? Thanks

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